Whether you’re learning the game of baseball or trying to answer a baseball crossword clue, a baseball position list can be helpful. In baseball, the different player positions are often abbreviated and substituted with standardized numbers to make calling and scoring a game more efficient.
Baseball Position Abbreviations and Numbers
Abbreviations and Numbers for Baseball Field Positions
When one team is at bat, their opponent has nine players in the field. Each of these players holds a different position. For scorekeeping purposes, each of the main baseball positions is written as a standard number instead of an abbreviation.
P (1): Pitcher; Starts every play by throwing the ball and stands on the pitcher’s mound
C (2): Catcher; Crouches behind home plate to catch pitches
1B (3): First Baseman; Positioned closest to first base
2B( 4): Second Baseman; Positioned closest to second base
3B (5): Third Baseman; Positioned closest to third base
SS (6): Shortstop; Plays infield between second and third base
LF (7): Left Fielder; Play on left side of outfield
CF (8): Center Fielder; Play the middle of the outfield
RF (9): Right Fielder; Play on right side of outfield
IF: Infield; Square area inside the four bases
OF: Outfield; Playing area beyond the bases
SP: Starting Pitcher; Begins the game as pitcher
MRP: Middle Relief Pitcher; Takes over as pitcher in the middle of the game
LRP: Long Reliever Pitcher; Relieves SP if he has to leave game early
CL/CP: Closer/Closing Pitcher; Comes in for final innings
Abbreviations for Baseball Hitters and Runners
When your team is up to bat, you’ll send nine players to the plate to take turns to swing at the ball. These batters are placed in a specific order based on their skills, and there are some special names for specific hitting positions too.
DH: Designated Hitter; Player allowed to bat instead of the pitcher in the American League (AL)
PH: Pinch Hitter; Substitute batter
PR: Pinch Runner; Replaces a player on the base and runs for them
Softball Position Abbreviations
Softball is a modified form of baseball that uses a larger ball, fewer innings, and underhand pitching. Softball uses all the same abbreviations and numbers for the various positions that baseball uses. In many youth and slow-pitch softball leagues, there is also a number 10 position called the Extra Player, or EP.
Fantasy Baseball Positions
If you’re playing fantasy baseball, you might see a couple different baseball position abbreviations. These abbreviations usually include a variety of positions you can choose from for that spot on your team.
CI: Corner Infield; Any first or third baseman
MI: Middle Infield; Any second baseman or shortstop
Util: Utility; Any non-pitcher