Common World Time Zone Abbreviations

Time zone abbreviations can be confusing, especially if you aren’t already familiar with the various time zones they represent. If you’re wondering about the abbreviation for Eastern Standard Time (EST) or need to know what UTC means, this handy guide will help.

People talking in different time zonesPeople talking in different time zones

UTC and GMT: The Prime Meridian

UTC stands for Coordinated Universal Time. This is the world’s standard for regulating clocks and referring to other time zones. Also known as Greenwich Mean Time or GMT, it represents 0° in longitude or the Prime Meridian. The following cities are on or near the Prime Meridian and use UTC or GMT for their time zones:

  • London, United Kingdom

  • Accra, Ghana

  • Valencia, Spain

  • Bordeaux, France

Every other time zone represents an adjustment from UTC or GMT in terms of hours before or after it using minus or plus symbols, respectively.

Common World Time Zone Abbreviations

The following list includes some of the most common time zone abbreviations used around the world. Since some countries have their own abbreviations and names for time zones, you’ll find that there’s some overlap between zones.

AEST - Australia Eastern Standard Time

AEST stands for Australia Eastern Standard Time and is UTC +10:00. It’s in use in the eastern portion of Australia. Cities in this time zone include Brisbane and Sydney. 

ACST - Australia Central Standard Time

ACST is the abbreviation for Australia Central Standard Time. ACST is UTC +09:30. This time zone represents the central portion of Australia, including the cities of Adelaide and Darwin.

AFT - Afghanistan Time

The country of Afghanistan uses the time zone of Afghanistan Time, which has the abbreviation AFT. This is UTC +04:30.

AKST - Alaska Standard Time

The abbreviation AKST stands for Alaska Standard Time. This time zone is in use in the state of Alaska and is UTC -09:00. During daylight savings time, it changes to AKDT for Alaska Daylight Time.

AST - Atlantic Standard Time

Atlantic Standard Time, abbreviated AST, is a time zone used by several countries. AST is UTC -04:00. During daylight savings time, this time zone is ADT or Atlantic Daylight Time. A few of the places using AST include the following:

  • Antigua and Barbuda

  • Barbados

  • US Virgin Islands

AWST - Australia Western Standard Time

AWST stands for Australia Western Standard Time and is UTC +09:00. AWST is in use in the western portion of Australia, like in the city of Perth.

CAT - Central Africa Time

Central Africa Time is abbreviated as CAT. This time zone is UTC +02:00 and is in use in the following countries:

  • Botswana

  • Malawi

  • Namibia

  • Rwanda

  • Sudan

CET - Central European Time

Central European Time, abbreviated as CET, is used in a number of countries in Europe. It is UTC +01:00. In countries that observe daylight savings, the time zone changes to CEST for Central European Summer Time or CEDT for Central European Daylight Time. A few of the places using CET include the following:

  • Albania

  • Algeria

  • Austria

  • Belgium

  • Denmark

  • France

  • Germany

CST - Central Standard Time

In use in the center portion of the United States and Canada, Central Standard Time is abbreviated CST. It is UTC -06:00. During daylight savings time, it changes to CDT or Central Daylight Time. This covers cities like Houston, Mexico City and Winnipeg.

EAT - East Africa Time

In the Eastern portion of Africa, several countries use EAT to abbreviate East Africa Time. EAT is UTC +03:00. It’s in use in the following places:

  • Ethiopia

  • Kenya

  • Madagascar

  • Somalia

EET - Eastern European Time

EET is an abbreviation for Easter European Time. EET is UTC +02:00. In countries observing daylight savings time, it changes to EEDT for Eastern European Daylight Time or EEST for Eastern European Summer Time. Countries using EET include the following:

  • Bulgaria

  • Finland

  • Greece

  • Lithuania

EST - Eastern Standard Time

Much of eastern North America uses EST to abbreviate Eastern Standard Time. This time zone is UTC -05:00. During daylight savings time, it changes to EDT for Eastern Daylight Time. Notable cities include New York, Toronto and Atlanta, as well as Nassau, Lima and Panama City.

MSK - Moscow Standard Time

MSK is the abbreviation for Moscow Standard Time. MSK is UTC +03:00. In summer, this becomes MSD or Moscow Summer Time. This time zone is in use in the following countries:

  • Belarus

  • Parts of Russia

  • Parts of Ukraine

MST - Mountain Standard Time

Covering the central and some of the western portions of North America, Mountain Standard Time is abbreviated as MST. It is UTC -07:00. During daylight savings time, this becomes, MDT or Mountain Daylight Time. Cities here include Denver, Phoenix and Calgary.

PST - Pacific Standard Time

The western portion of North America is in PST or Pacific Standard Time. PST is UTC -08:00. It becomes PDT or Pacific Daylight Time during daylight savings time. Cities that observe PST include Vancouver, Los Angeles and Las Vegas.

WAT - West Africa Time

Many of the countries in West Africa use the time zone of West Africa Time. It is abbreviated as WAT. WAT is UTC +01:00. Some of the countries using West Africa Time include the following:

  • Angola

  • Chad

  • Morocco

  • Nigeria

WET - Western European Time

WET is the abbreviation for Western European Time. This is UTC 00:00. During daylight savings time, it can be abbreviated as WEDT for Western European Daylight Time or WEST for Western European Summer Time. The following countries use WET:

  • United Kingdom

  • Ireland

  • Portugal

  • Iceland

DST - Daylight Savings Time

Many countries observe Daylight Saving Time, which has the abbreviation of DST. This is the practice of moving clocks one hour ahead in the spring to extend daylight hours during convenient times for workers. 

Understanding Time Zones Helps You Communicate

When you’re communicating with people from other countries, it’s helpful to know a bit about the time zones, common abbreviations, and which countries are included. This is a small part of understanding other cultures.

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