Footnotes are often used to explain text or to give a bibliographical source for a piece of text. If you are writing a research paper, you might want to know some footnote abbreviations. Following are lists of abbreviations and their explanations.
Many footnote abbreviations have a Latin origin and are still used today. You will find these abbreviations in bibliographies and references pages.
Here is a list of the most common footnote abbreviations:
The format used for the footnote abbreviation depends on the style selected for the document. APA, the style provided by the American Psychological Association, is a commonly-used style for social science research papers; however, the preferred format may be different based on the instutution or company.